This was followed by an era of very close alliance and friendship between Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's regime and the U. government, which was in turn followed by a dramatic reversal and disagreement between the two countries after the 1979 Iranian Revolution. Amir Kabir, Prime Minister under Nasereddin Shah, also initiated direct contacts with the American government in Washington.
Opinions differ over what has caused the cooling in relations. By the end of the 19th century, negotiations were underway for an American company to establish a railway system from the Persian Gulf to Tehran.
FM al-Jubeir, while Ambassador to the United States in 2011, had himself been the target of an Iranian-Latin American assassination plot.
The message of the Saudi summit was clear: An Arab rapprochement with South American countries will increase Iran's isolation in the world.
As National Security Advisor General Michael Flynn simply put it, Iran is “on notice.” Step 2: Sanctions One of the fundamental disagreements about the nuclear agreement is whether it is permissible to further sanction Iran for non-nuclear behavior.
Washington—including both Democrats and Republicans—says yes, while Tehran believes any additional sanctions constitute a violation.
On November 10, 2015, Iran's deputy foreign minister held a private meeting with ambassadors from nine Latin American countries to reaffirm the Islamic Republic's desire to "enhance and deepen ties" with the region.
In 1982, Iran held an international conference of the Organization of Islamic Movements, bringing together over 380 clerics from some 70 countries around the world, including many from Latin America. The purpose of this conference was to export their revolution abroad.
The next year, in 1983, Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) carried out their first major international terrorist operation: the bombing of the Marine barracks in Beirut.
Step 1: Provocations“It is an undeniable privilege of every man,” wrote the acclaimed American diplomat and scholar George Kennan, “to prove himself right in the thesis that the world is his enemy; for if he reiterates it frequently enough and makes it the background of his conduct he is bound eventually to be right.” Few world leaders embody this ethos more than Donald Trump and Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. military bases in the Middle East to American celebrity culture is understood as a means to coerce and subvert the Islamic Republic.
For Khamenei and Iran’s hardliners, the United States has been continuously committed to the overthrow of the Islamic Republic of Iran since its very inception in 1979. President Obama’s efforts to allay this paranoia—including numerous personal entreaties to Khamenei—were largely dismissed. While the 2015 nuclear deal successfully curtailed Iran’s nuclear program, it did little to moderate the country’s longstanding foreign and domestic policies.